Ramkovski v. “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”. Suspicion of criminal conspiracy and tax evasion. Violation of the right to liberty and security. ECHR

The European Court of Human Rights has given a judgment in the case Ramkovski v. "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia". The Court holds that there has been a violation of Article 5 § 3 of the Convention (right to liberty and security / entitlement to trial within a reasonable time or to release pending trial) and holds that there has been no violation of Article 6 § 2 of the Convention (presumption of innocence) of the European Convention on Human Rights.

The case concerned the applicants' complaints about their pre-trial detention, which had lasted over a year. The applicants were arrested in December 2010. An investigating judge subsequently opened an investigation into 20 people, including the applicants, on suspicion of criminal conspiracy and tax evasion. In particular, it was alleged that the first applicant had created an organised group for the commission of various offences through a network of companies founded and owned by the suspects. Nineteen suspects, including Mr Ramkovski and Ms Ramkovska, were placed in pre-trial detention for 30 days. The applicants' detention order was extended several times, with their appeals being dismissed. They were convicted by the trial court in March 2012, a decision which was upheld on appeal in February 2013.  

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